Territory

The history of Maremma

Traveling through this land is like travelling through time. Etruscans and Romans, the Renaissance ‘signorias’: Maremma as the engine of a thousand-year history.
Territory

The history of Maremma

Traveling through this land is like travelling through time. Etruscans and Romans, the Renaissance ‘signorias’: Maremma as the engine of a thousand-year history.

I

nhabited since prehistoric times, for centuries Maremma has been a crossroads of cultures and people and saw the birth of a civilization founded on agriculture and nature: it is in the countryside that we find the cultural roots of Maremma, a true civilization of wine passed down through generations and, with it, beauty, authenticity and spirit. As skilled traders, extraordinary artisans and expert winemakers, in the VIII century B.C the Etruscans established here in Maremma a sophisticated society which exerted a profound influence on their neighbours, the Romans. A material and immaterial heritage attested by the ancient cities of Roselle and Vetulonia, not far from Grosseto, the sites of their famous necropoleis still visible today.

I

nhabited since prehistoric times, for centuries Maremma has been a crossroads of cultures and people and saw the birth of a civilization founded on agriculture and nature: it is in the countryside that we find the cultural roots of Maremma, a true civilization of wine passed down through generations and, with it, beauty, authenticity and spirit. As skilled traders, extraordinary artisans and expert winemakers, in the VIII century B.C the Etruscans established here in Maremma a sophisticated society which exerted a profound influence on their neighbours, the Romans. A material and immaterial heritage attested by the ancient cities of Roselle and Vetulonia, not far from Grosseto, the sites of their famous necropoleis still visible today.

F

ollowing the long Roman domination, during the Middle Ages Maremma was governed by powerful noble families such as the Aldobrandeschi, who built towers, citadels, fortifications and villages beautifully integrated with the surrounding landscape, such as the fortress of Talamone, Orbetello and the wonderful historic centre of Sovana. The Medici and, subsequently, the house of Lorraine also left their mark, erecting buildings of great architectural and environmental impact such as the city walls of Grosseto and commissioning several important land reclamation works.

F

ollowing the long Roman domination, during the Middle Ages Maremma was governed by powerful noble families such as the Aldobrandeschi, who built towers, citadels, fortifications and villages beautifully integrated with the surrounding landscape, such as the fortress of Talamone, Orbetello and the wonderful historic centre of Sovana. The Medici and, subsequently, the house of Lorraine also left their mark, erecting buildings of great architectural and environmental impact such as the city walls of Grosseto and commissioning several important land reclamation works.


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The Republic of Siena in Maremma

Having proudly defended its independence for over four centuries, the free republic of Siena was one of the major European powers during the Middle Ages.

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DETAIL

The Republic of Siena in Maremma

Having proudly defended its independence for over four centuries, the free republic of Siena was one of the major European powers during the Middle Ages.

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CASTELLO DI MONTEPÒ

A wine story

In the heart of Maremma, Jacopo Biondi Santi and his children are writing a new chapter in their family’s history of winemaking excellence.

CASTELLO DI MONTEPÒ

A wine story

In the heart of Maremma, Jacopo Biondi Santi and his children are writing a new chapter in their family’s history of winemaking excellence.

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Built around the year one thousand, in the second half of the fourteenth century the Montepò Castle acquired a position of socio-political importance in Maremma which, at the time, had been under the rule of the Republic of Siena for over a century and a half. In the 14th century, the castle became the property of an important Sienese family, the Sergardi, who transformed the edifice in a spectacular fortified villa, useful to protect the estate from potential incursions and conveniently placed close to the main road to Rome: an important advancement at a time when Siena was one of Europe’s major financial and commercial powers.

Castello di Montepò – Jacopo Biondi Santi